Geometric solid is a three dimensional figure which occupies space. Geometric solids have height as its third dimension as an extension to two-dimensional figures. The branch of geometry that deals with geometric solids is known as solid geometry. |

**solid geometry**or

**three-dimensional geometry**or

**3D geometry**.

We are surrounded by many three-dimensional figures. All are known as solids. Out of them, few shapes are well defined in geometry which have fixed dimensions like length, breadth, height, radius, etc. These figures are known as geometric solids. Few examples of geometric solids are sphere, pyramid, cone, cube, cuboid and cylinder etc. There are various geometrical shapes defined in solid geometry. Few of them are applicable to wide area. These important shapes are shown below:

**Cuboid:**It has six rectangular faces, 8 vertices and 12 edges.

**Cube:**It has six square faces, 8 vertices and 12 edges.

**Cylinder:**It has two parallel circular faces opposite to a curved surface.

**Cone:**It has a circular face and a curved surface tapered towards a point.

**Prism:**It has two flat polygonal surfaces

**joined by lateral surfaces.**

**Pyramid:**It has a flat base and lateral surfaces tapered towards a point.

**This is a three-dimensional form of a circle.**

**Sphere:**

**Hemisphere:**A hemisphere is exactly half of a sphere.

Few important mathematical properties of geometric solids are listed below:

**Three-Dimensional Figure:**Geometric solids are three-dimensional shapes.**Occupies Space:**Every geometric solid occupies space.**Definite Shape:**Every geometrical solid has a definite shape. For example, the shape of a cone is quite different from that of a cylinder. But, all the cones and cylinder have a definite predefined shape.**Definite Volume:****Fixed Dimensions:**Every geometric solid has fixed dimensions. For example, a sphere has radius, a cone has base radius and height, a cuboid has length, breadth and height.**Surface Area:**Geometric solids have surface area as well. Surface area is referred as the area of outer surface of a solid figure.**Possess weight:**Geometric solid has some weight

Solids |
Volumes |
Surface Areas |
Meaning of Variables |

Cuboid | $V=l\ b\ h$ | $TSA=2(lb+bh+hl)$ $LSA=2h(l+b)$ |
l = Length b = Breadth h = Height |

Cube |
$V=a^{3}$ |
$TSA=6a^{2}$ $LSA=4a^{2}$ |
a = Side |

Cylinder |
$V=\pi r^{2}h$ |
$TSA=2\pi r(h+r)$ $LSA=2\pi rh$ |
r = Radius h = Height |

Cone |
$V$ = $\frac{1}{3}$$\pi r^{2}h$ | $TSA=\pi r(l+r)$ $LSA=\pi rl$ |
r = Radius h = Height l = Slant height |

Prism |
$V=B\ h$ |
$TSA=P\ h+2B$ $LSA=P\ h$ |
B = Area of base P = Perimeter of base h = Height l = Slant height |

Pyramid | $V$ = $\frac{1}{3}$$B\ h$ |
$TSA$ = $\frac{1}{2}$$P\ l + B$ $LSA$ = $\frac{1}{2}$$P\ l$ |
B = Area of base h = Height l = Slant height |

Sphere |
$V$ = $\frac{4}{3}$$\pi r^{3}$ | $TSA=LSA=4\pi r^{2}$ | r = Radius |

Hemisphere |
$V$ = $\frac{2}{3}$$\pi r^{3}$ | $TSA=3\pi r^{2}$ $LSA=2\pi r^{2}$ |
r = Radius |