We say that the fraction is in its standard form, when we find that the numerator and the denominator are not the multiple of each other or they do not come in the same table. Here we will see how to reduce Fractions; for this we will proceed as follows. If we need to find the lowest form of the given fraction, we say that the two Numbers of the fractions, i.e. the numerator and the denominator should not be in their lowest form. For this we should first find the Highest common Factor of the two fractions, now we must check that if we get the HCF as 1, it means that the fraction is in its lowest form. Again if we come across the situation that the HCF for the numerator and the denominator are not same, then we say that we need to convert the fraction in its lowest form. For this we need to divide the numerator and the denominator by the HCF so calculated for the numerator and the denominator. It will be clearer with the following examples:
To convert the fraction 24 / 60 in its lowest form or we say it as the standard form?
Here we find that the numerator is 24 and the denominator of the fraction is 60. So we will first find the HCF of the given digits of the fraction. We observe that the HCF of the two numbers is 12. So we find that the two fractions are not in their standard form. So we will divide the numerator and the denominator with 12 and we get,
24/60 = 2 / 5,
Let us again check if the fraction 2/5 is in the standard form or not. We get the HCF of 2 and 5 as 1. It means they are in their standard form.